What Do Multiples Mean in Crochet?

What Do Multiples Mean in Crochet?

I know when I first saw the word ‘multiples’ in a crochet book I said to myself, “WHAT?!”

My first encounter with multiples was when I found a crochet book on my mother’s book shelf one day and it had all of this ‘stuff’ about multiples in it and it sent my eyes all wobbly!

When multiples are mentioned in a crochet pattern they are referring to how many chain stitches you need to make to create a foundation chain that will support the sequence of stitches required for the design in the pattern.

There is a formula that can be used, some call it the Foundation Chain Formula or Starting Chain Formula, to work out how many chain stitches are needed to make any pattern in whatever size you want.

For Example:

If you wanted to crochet a blanket and the pattern said ‘multiples of 10 + 2’, then to create the actual design for that pattern (it might be 5dc and 5sc) you need to create 10 chain stitches for that design and the ‘+ 2’ means to add an extra 2 chain stitches for the turning chain.

If you want the blanket to be bigger than the 10 + 2, (which you would because 12 stitches isn’t enough to make a blanket) then to cater for that design (or stitch pattern) you would add on more sets if 10’s and you would have something like:

100 + 2 which would mean that you create the design 10 times (because you have 10 sets of 10) + have the 2 for the turning chain.

So, in other terms if you wanted to crochet a pattern of multiples of 10 + 2 then the formula would be:

Multiply (number stated in the pattern to create the design) by (the number you want for your length), then add (the number required for the turning chain).

eg. 10 x 10 + 2 = 102 (102 chain stitches are required to create the pattern and support the amount of stitches required)

Another Example:

A pattern that states multiples of 8 + 3.

To make a foundation chain for a multiple of 8 + 3, you would multiply 8 x (whatever number you want) then add 3.

eg. 8 x 20 + 3 = 163 (therefore you would create a foundation chain made up of 163 chain stitches to support all the stitches required for that pattern)

I hope that I have explained this clearly enough for you to understand.

If you have anything to add to this article then by all means do so by leaving your comments below because there can never be enough different explanations on this subject of multiples.

All the best,

Paula Daniele


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About Paula

I'm the Crochet Designer, Teacher & Video Producer of Crochet Hooks You.

I taught myself how to crochet when I was a young girl and quickly picked up how to crochet the granny square and got hooked. Read More.


  1. Definitely a helpful post!

    • Paula says:

      Oh good, I’m glad you understand my explanation on multiples! 🙂

  2. Gome Nyirenda says:

    Well explained. I am also teaching myself to crochet hence I have found your site valuable

  3. Mary Minium says:

    Is there any way to figure out the multiple in patterns that only give you the number of foundation chains?

    • Paula says:

      Hi Mary, If you make a test foundation chain and crochet the pattern, then count the amount of stitches that you stitched into to make that pattern then that will be your multiple.

  4. Traci Melius says:

    So I am trying the chevron stitch, and confused on this tutorial it says 10 + 2 does that mean 22 chain stitches . Because I keep running out of chain stitches to keep up with the guy in the tutorial. Help my daughter wants a chevron blanket. I can make granny squares like their going out of style . but she already has one of those.

    • Paula says:

      Hello Traci, it means that you need however many sets of 10 chain stitches + 2 to make your blanket. (Example: 10+10+10+10+10+10+10+10+10+10+2 = 102 chain stitches). You can add any amount of sets of 10 chain stitches on to make the blanket to the width you want and then add 2 extra chain stitches for a turning chain.

  5. Yeah….thanks ever so much. Just a simple answer to our question. Your wonderful!

  6. Thank you so much! I know this is going to sound crazy, but I have been crocheting for 50 years. And I have just started reading newer patterns with the multiple in them, and couldn’t get it. Now I completely understand. Thank you again !

    • Jeanie says:

      You explained it very well, now I understand!

  7. Janet says:

    I just found your website. AWESOME!!!!!! I am anew to crocheting, but I don’t like doing the easy stuff. It bores me to death. I was looking at another site and then pattern said 10 + 4; with know explanation so I went looking and found you . Thank You so much for explaining it. Put you in my favorites. Again THANK YOU. Janet

  8. Linda woerpel says:

    I want to thank you for posting this explanation on multiples…… I. A long time crocheter but have just erase try run into this…. Needed a good explanation and you gave it to me……thank you….

  9. Diana Geddings says:

    Thank you! Thank you! Thank you for explaining this. I’ve been crocheting for awhile now but this phrase as been popping up in patterns I like more and more.

  10. Jan Rey says:

    This was explained so perfect…. I too have crochet for a few. Years and when I see this it is Greek to me! Now that I am teaching my granddaughter I want to make sure what I instruct her is correct!! I am copying this and giving it to her to have , as part of her “Go To” file… Thank you again! Priceless!

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